For those who are looking for a furry companion, one of the many things that you will need to ponder on when getting a new puppy or dog is whether you prefer a male or female dog. Of course, others have no preference at all as both sexes (male and female dogs) have their ups and downs. As potential owners, we have to decide on what do we wish to have such as their breeds and temperament wise for starters.
It is always imperative for us to find out about all these in a deeper level when taking on a new dog and finding out about specific health problems that your dog may possibly have.
While future potential health issues in the dog can be best assessed by looking at the hereditary health of the breed line like specific health issues that they face, you have to grasp that both male and female dogs have bodily differences, which means that some health conditions are applicable to female dogs and some will affect the male ones.
In this article, because of Movember we will tackle five health conditions that are unique to male dogs.
1. Intact or Neutered
Neutering the male dog as early as six (6) months old can reduce the percentage of them developing certain gender-specific issues later in life involving their reproductive system. Deciding whether or not to castrate your dog is a key factor of ownership. If breeding your dog is not on your agenda, neutering is the most responsible choice.
The veterinary doctors use the medical term cryptorchidism if the dog’s testicle does not descend normally but is being kept inside the body of the dog. One or both testicles may be affected and can cause an array of problems if not being treated right away. Testicles that are partially descended are another related issue while dogs whose testicles are retained or partially retained within the abdominal cavity can typically be neutered and their testes are removed but the process is more intricate than the normal neutering.
NOTE: Dogs that have retained testicles that are not removed has a higher risk of developing testicular malignancy in later life.
3. Testicular Tumors
There are different types of tumors that can affect the dog’s testicles, which can either be malignant or non-threatening. Neutering the dog can massively reduce the risks of them developing testicular tumors.
Visible signs of it include swollen and/or painful testicles and signs of trauma or problems. For intact dogs, neutering will largely remove it as this is the only known treatment for testicular cancer in entire male dogs.
4. Prostate Problems
Prostate cancer and prostate enlargement are one of the most common health challenges the entire male dogs have. A dog with an inflamed prostate causes difficulties in urinating, defecation and discharge from their genital organ, and increases the risks of developing a possible infection.
Neutering can prevent these problems from developing as the procedure itself stops the body’s production of testosterone leading the prostate gland to decrease back to its normal size.
5. Hormonal Problems
The male hormone testosterone is a vital component for healthy growth and normal development of a dog. It is advised to wait until the production of their testosterone has begun, as this is an important assistance to a wide range of bodily functions.
Moreover, unneutered dogs may suffer from high testosterone levels that leads them to display behaviors such as aggression, inappropriate sexual behavior, roaming and straying, and scent marking.
NOTE: Neutering your dog when they are of the appropriate age can prevent these problems from developing and may also mark a positive effect on their behavior.
When it comes to their health, no two dogs are alike. Dog problems may vary from infections up to cancers and it is up to us pet parents to watch out for them by understanding these things and by visiting your local veterinary facility regularly.
Written by Veterinary nurse Laurent Bacani